Dyslexia is a learning disability that causes students to be poor spellers, lack fluency in reading, have a hard time putting their thoughts down on paper, and have a hard time with names and dates. Of course, these are just general guidelines that we look for when we suspect a student is dyslexic. A formal psychological evaluation will lead to a formal diagnosis.
The iPad is a great tool to help students with ALL of the difficulties associated with dyslexia. If my son has to be dyslexic, I am so thankful that he is dyslexic in a time when iPads are so widely used and schools are allowing students to bring their own devices to school. At the beginning of the school year my husband and I met with Eli’s teachers and the 2nd accomodation we put in his 504 plan was to be able to use his iPad in every class. The 1st accomodation was extra time – we know from research that the single biggest factor that helps level the playing field for students is extra time on tests.
Eli uses his iPad for every subject! The best tool for Eli is the voice button on the iPad. All Eli has to do is press the microphone on the keyboard and the iPad will turn what he says into typed messages. This is extremely beneficial to students with dyslexia because students with dyslexia have a hard time getting their thoughts down on paper. Dyslexics have WONDERFUL and CREATIVE ideas, but encoding them is extremely difficult. Through the use of this feature of the iPad, Eli is able to dictate his ideas and then go back and edit them later. The iPad will also playback anything that Eli has typed. This way he can hear what the sentence should sound like. Dyslexics have a hard time rereading their work and hearing errors because they are so used to compensating when reading for something to make sense, that if something is incorrect in a sentence – they just make it make sense in their mind. That is one of their coping strategies (I hope that sentence makes sense to the reader – I understand what I am trying to say, but it is difficult to put into words!).
To use the speech to text feature of the iPad you only have to press the microphone on the screen when you are typing.
To enable the iPad to read text you will need to go to settings – General – Accessibility…
Then, go to Speak Selection…
And finally, turn Speak Selection on…
This one feature of the iPad has changed the way my son works and writes. Now he can speak his ideas and they will freely flow from his brain to the iPad. It does take some work getting used to enunciating clearly for the iPad to know what you are saying. Generally, we have to edit some of his work, but that is easy compared to trying to write his ideas down! He doesn’t use this feature in class, just when doing homework and working on papers. I also want him to learn how to overcome his disability, but these features make writing for him much easier!
Another life saver for us is the app Read2go. This is an amazing app that is supported by the website Bookshare. Bookshare offers free audio books (newspapers, magazines, textbooks, etc) for anyone with a print disability. All you have to do is supply a copy of your child’s or your own psychological that proves the disability. The Read2go app plays all of the content off of the Bookshare site. We use this app for ALL of Eli’s independent reading and anything he has to read from his textbook. The app gives visual support as it reads by highlighting the text and the app reads the text.
Another amazing app is the AppWriter US app. This app is a word processing app that is specifically designed for dyslexics. Students can type papers in this app. The app allows students to take a picture of any text and the app will convert it to text. The app has context word prediction and will read what has been typed. If you couple this app with he text to speech function of the iPad, your student will feel significantly less stress about writing! This app also claims to use a font this is supposed to help dyslexcis, but the research is very mixed on if that claim is true – the font has been around for many years.
Another app that is a life saver for us is iMovie. My son uses iMovie to study. He creates movies about what he is learning. This method of studying allows him to use his creativity but also is a great review of content. I have put couple of his movies below so you can see how he uses them to study. The WW1 movie helped him study for a test and the Abe Lincoln movie he made in class rather than doing a paper/pencil assignment.
Another app that we use quite often is iThoughts HD. I find that Eli is extremely visual. If I can show him how concepts go together rather than tell him, he is more likely to retain that information. Below is an example of a mindmap that we made to help him write a paper.
We also use iCard Sort to help him study. We make decks of vocab words and their definitions. Then we shake the iPad, which mixes up the cards and he has to match the words to the definitions. The tactile nature of this method of studying helps him retain the information. And now iCard sort allows pictures to be put on the cards, which makes it an even better app for studying!
Finally, the last app we use a lot is Strip Designer. This app makes comic strips. Eli loves being creative and studying at the same time. This app also allows him to use his visual memory by attaching pictures to concepts.
These are the apps we use most for Eli but, I also use these apps all the time in my classroom and the students LOVE them!